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TOEFL Sample Questions : Reading Comprehension

Read the following passage and then answer the questions based on it.

The means by which the habits of groups of people change or develop from one generation to other is the real meaning of education. It is the formulated way that has been developed by the people themselves to pass on the basic knowledge about the various skills and customs of the human society to the newly added population of the society. The right to education has been created by jurisdiction of most of the countries of the world so that no individual is left behind in the race of progress and development. This right has also been guaranteed under the United Nations' International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 under its Article 13 at the global level.

There are various means of education established for providing education to all the human population. Schools are one of the widest means used for educating large number of population under one roof. The education system followed by the schools involves the establishment of a predetermined pattern known as curriculum which includes all the different areas of skills and knowledge that one must be aware of. For instance, cultivation of positive traits, development of the intellect and reasoning skills and many more are some of the common goals for the establishment of the schools.

There are three different categories of schools based on the type of education provided at the various stages of life. These categories include preschools, primary schools and the secondary schools. Now let us see the role that each category of school plays in the upbringing of the child to a well cultured adult.

Preschools are also referred to as nursery schools. These are the schools where the children are made familiar with the basic knowledge of math and the language English. Here they learn the numbers and the alphabets as well as the basic shapes and designs, the different names of the colors etc. if the child skips this training, then he is taught all this in the kindergarten and the primary school. These children are not eligible for admission to the kindergarten.

At the age of eleven or twelve there is normally a division between the primary and the secondary schooling education. More advanced and detailed studies are taught in the secondary schools. Sometimes the secondary schools are also known by the names such as high schools, lyceums or colleges. They are also well known as vocational schools in some parts of the country. The students receive the most basic knowledge about how to prepare oneself for higher education and what profession to choose for future success at this level of education.

Questions:

Question 1

In which year was the right to education has also been guaranteed under the United Nations' International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights?

  1. 1966
  2. 1965
  3. 1596
  4. 1695
  5. none of the above

Correct answer: a

Question 2

Which types of schools are also referred as the nursery schools?

  1. primary schools
  2. secondary schools
  3. colleges
  4. vocational schools
  5. none of the above

Correct answer: e

Question 3

The colleges are also known as?

  1. primary schools
  2. secondary schools
  3. elementary schools
  4. kindergarten
  5. none of the above

Correct answer: b

Question 4

The education system followed by the schools involves the establishment of a predetermined pattern known as ___________ which includes all the different areas of skills and knowledge that one must be aware of. Fill in the blank.

  1. curriculum
  2. pattern
  3. exam
  4. age
  5. none of the above

Correct answer: a

Question 5

Give a suitable title to the passage.

  1. Types of education system
  2. Number of education system
  3. Education system
  4. System of education
  5. None of the above

Correct answer: c

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