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PSAT Sample Questions ›› Math Section : Multiple Choice Questions

# Math Section : Multiple Choice Questions

## Percentage

1. A trader makes a profit equal to the selling price of 75 articles when he sold 100 of the articles. What % profit did he make in the transaction?
1. 33.33%
2. 75%
3. 300%
4. 150%

Ans : C

2. A merchant buys two articles for Rs.600. He sells one of them at a profit of 22% and the other at a loss of 8% and makes no profit or loss in the end. What is the selling price of the article that he sold at a loss?
1. Rs. 404.80
2. Rs. 440
3. Rs. 536.80
4. Rs. 160

Ans : A

3. A trader professes to sell his goods at a loss of 8% but weights 900 grams in place of a kg weight. Find his real loss or gain per cent.
1. 2% loss
2. 2.22% gain
3. 2% gain
4. None of these

Ans : B

4. Rajiv sold an article for Rs.56 which cost him Rs.x. If he had gained x% on his outlay, what was his cost?
1. Rs. 40
2. Rs. 45
3. Rs. 36
4. Rs. 28

Ans : A

5. A trader buys goods at a 19% Aount on the label price. If he wants to make a profit of 20% after allowing a Aount of 10%, by what % should his marked price be greater than the original label price?
1. +8%
2. -3.8%
3. +33.33%
4. None of these

Ans : A

6. If apples are bought at the rate of 30 for a rupee. How many apples must be sold for a rupee so as to gain 20%?
1. 28
2. 25
3. 20
4. 22

Ans : B

7. One year payment to the servant is Rs. 200 plus one shirt. The servant leaves after 9 months and recieves Rs. 120 and a shirt. Then find the price of the shirt.
1. Rs. 80
2. Rs. 100
3. Rs. 120
4. Cannot be determined

Ans : C

8. Two merchants sell, each an article for Rs.1000. If Merchant A computes his profit on cost price, while Merchant B computes his profit on selling price, they end up making profits of 25% respectively. By how much is the profit made by Merchant B greater than that of Merchant A?
1. Rs.66.67
2. Rs. 50
3. Rs.125
4. Rs.200

Ans : B

9. A merchant marks his goods in such a way that the profit on sale of 50 articles is equal to the selling price of 25 articles. What is his profit margin?
1. 25%
2. 50%
3. 100%
4. 66.67%

Ans : C

10. A merchant marks his goods up by 75% above his cost price. What is the maximum % Aount that he can offer so that he ends up selling at no profit or loss?
1. 75%
2. 46.67%
3. 300%
4. 42.85%

Ans : D

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