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GMAT Sample Questions ›› GMAT Reading Comprehension

GMAT Verbal Section : GMAT Reading Comprehension Questions

Read the passage and answer the following questions based on the passage by choosing the best option of the five options given for each question.

The development of computers in the 1950s led to the discovery of the Internet. The evolution of internet began with the point-to-point communication between the mainframe computers and other terminals in a small area. This plan then developed into the point-to-point connections between the computers in a wider area. The latest research then expanded into packet switching.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the packet switched networks such as ARPANET, CYCLADES, Merit Network, Mark I at NPL in the UK, Tymnet as well as Telenet, were developed with the help of a wide variety of protocols.

The development of the packet switched network ARPANET led to the expansion of protocols for internetworking. These protocols were used to merge multiple separate networks together, to form a network of networks.

In the year 1974, Arthur C Clarke described the future of omnipresent networked personal computers in an interview. In the year 1982 the standardization of the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) took place. This led to the introduction of the Internet which was a world-wide network of fully interconnected TCP/IP networks.

In the year 1981, when the National Science Foundation (NSF) developed the Computer Science Network (CSNET); and in the year 1986, when the NSFNET allowed the access from the educational and research centers in the US, the access to the protocol ARPANET was extended. Emerging of the ISP's i.e. the Internet Service Providers took place in the late 1980s and 1990s. But, in the year 1990, the ARPANET was removed from service.

The denial of NFSNET services led to the commercialization of the Internet in 1995 that allowed the Internet to carry the commercial traffic that was restricted till then. Since then, the use of Internet has strongly affected the cultural and commercial sectors. It led to the use of communication via (e mails) electronic mail, the (VoIP) i.e. Voice over Internet Protocol "phone calls", instant messaging as well as the synchronous video calls. The use of Internet led to the emerging of various social networking sites, forums, and blogs and also included the number of online shopping sites.

The development and use of the advanced networks such as Internet2, very high speed Backbone Network Service i.e. (vBNS) of the NSF's, and the National Lambda Rail is carried out by the educational and the research institutes. The use of fibre optic networks has enabled very high amounts of data transmission at very high speeds, since they can operate at the rate of 1-Gbit/s, 10-Gbit/s, or more. According to the estimations of 1993, it was observed that the Internet carried only 1% of all the two-way telecommunication information flow. By the year 2000 this figure had grown to 51%. The recent observations indicate that, by 2007, the Internet carried more than 97% of all telecommunicated information.

Questions:

  1. What led to the discovery of the internet?

    1. Development of computers
    2. Industrialization
    3. Two way telecommunication
    4. Use of Social networking sites
    5. Forums and blogs

    Correct answer: a

  2. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, which type of networks was developed?

    1. Point to point networks
    2. Packet switched networks
    3. Protocols
    4. Internet
    5. All of the above

    Correct answer: b

  3. In which year the packet switched network ARPANET was removed from service?

    1. 1960
    2. 1970
    3. 1990
    4. 1995
    5. 2007

    Correct answer: c

  4. What was the reason for the commercialization of the internet?

    1. Removal of ARPANET
    2. Removal of phone calls
    3. Removal of NFSNET
    4. Removal of computers
    5. Removal of Telenet

    Correct answer: c

  5. In which of the following year, the standardization of the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) took place?

    1. 1982
    2. 1960
    3. 1970
    4. 1972
    5. 1980

    Correct answer: a

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