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GMAT Verbal Section : GMAT Sample Critical Reasoning Questions

Answer the questions according to the conditions:

  1. Most transportation fuels are liquids, because vehicles usually require high energy density, which is a property found in both liquids and solids.

    Which of the following, if true, identifies the greatest flaw in the reasoning above?

    1. Liquids and solids both have the high energy density characteristic
    2. Most transportation fuels are liquids
    3. Vehicles usually require high energy density so that they can function properly
    4. Most transportation fuels are solid in nature
    5. Since vehicles require high energy density, and liquids possess this property, majority of the transport fuels are in liquid state

    Correct answer: d

  2. Heat is the main mechanism used in the process of converting the biomass into some other form of chemical energy using the thermal conversion.

    From which of the following can the statement above be most properly inferred?

    1. heat is the dominant mechanism for converting the biomass into other forms of chemical in thermal conversion
    2. Thermal conversion is a process which makes use of heat on a large scale
    3. Biomass can be converted into other forms of chemicals with the help of heat
    4. Heat is the main mechanism used for thermal formations of chemical energy
    5. Biomass cannot be converted into other forms of chemicals with the help of heat

    Correct answer: a

  3. The size of the biomass power plant is mainly dependent on the availability of biomass in close proximity because the transport cost of the large quantities of the fuel is not economical.

    Which of the following, if true, identifies the greatest flaw in the reasoning above?

    1. The size of the biomass power plant is totally independent on the availability of biomass in close proximity
    2. Transport cost of the large quantities of the fuel is not economical
    3. The size of the biomass power plant is mainly dependent on the availability of biomass in close proximity
    4. The biomass resources should be available nearby for setting up a biomass power plant
    5. If you want to move the large quantity of fuel from one place to another you will hardly earn any profit

    Correct answer: a

  4. Since the geothermal fluids cannot reach the high temperatures as that of steam from the boilers, the geothermal electric plants are said to have less thermal efficiency.

    The statement above logically conveys which of the following?

    1. The thermal efficiency of geothermal electric plants is very less
    2. The geothermal fluids are not able to reach the high temperatures of steam from the boilers
    3. Geothermal plants are less efficient in comparison of the other energy plants
    4. The efficiency of the geothermal plants is less because the geothermal fluids fail to reach the high temperatures of steam
    5. You cannot boil the geothermal fluids until they form steam with the help of boilers

    Correct answer: d

  5. With the help of geothermal heat pump you can extract clean heat in a cost effective manner as compared to the conventional furnaces even from those areas where the ground temperature is less than the room temperature.

    The argument above would be weakened if it were true that

    1. Conventional furnaces cannot extract heat cost effectively from the areas where the ground is at low temperature than room temperature
    2. Geothermal heat pumps extract heat more cost-effective and cleanly than the conventional furnaces
    3. Conventional furnaces can extract heat cost effectively from the areas where the ground is at low temperature than room temperature
    4. The areas where the room temperature is more than the ground temperature, heat can still be extracted with the help of a geothermal heat pump
    5. Geothermal heat pumps are less costly than the conventional furnaces in some cases

    Correct answer: c

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GMAT Sample Critical Reasoning Question Number : 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 | 16-20 | 21-25 | 26-30 | 31-35 | 36-40 | 41-45 | 46-50 | 51-55 | 56-60 | 61-65 | 66-70 | 71-75 | 76-80 | 81-85 | 86-90 | 91-95 | 96-100
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