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GMAT Verbal Section : GMAT Sample Critical Reasoning Questions

Answer the following questions on the basis of the condition asked.

  1. One of the most widespread problems of environment is the rapid erosion of soil caused by wind and water affecting both the natural environment and the agricultural land.

    The statement above logically conveys which of the following?

    1. Soil erosion caused by the wind and water may affect both the areas for agricultural and the natural environment, hence it is one of the biggest of all the environmental problems today
    2. Wind and water cause soil erosion to a very large extent
    3. The problem of soil erosion is the biggest problem of environment today
    4. Wind and water cause soil erosion to a very great extent
    5. Wind and water are responsible for erosion of soil on a large scale creating number of other environmental problems

    Correct answer: a

  2. The place where the soil erosion takes place degrades the quality and the water holding capacity of the soil greatly since the upper layer of the soil that is very rich in nutrients is carried away by the agents of soil erosion.

    The statement above would be weakened if it were true that

    1. Wind and water cannot erode the soil at all
    2. The upper layers of the soil are very rich in nutrients
    3. Soil erosion degrades the quality of the soil to a large extent
    4. Soil erosion decreases the water holding capacity of the soil
    5. Wind and water are the major agents responsible for the large scale soil erosion

    Correct answer: a

  3. The upper layer of the soil, which is very susceptible to erosion caused by wind and water; is highly responsible for better cultivation of crops.

    The statement above logically conveys which of the following?

    1. Wind and water can easily erode the upper layer of soil which is very rich in nutrients thus affecting the growth of crops
    2. Crops depend on the upper layer of the soil for their growth
    3. The topmost layer of the soil is very susceptible to erosion caused by wind and water
    4. The topmost layer of the soil is very rich in nutrients
    5. Wind and water decrease the yielding capacity of the soil

    Correct answer: a

  4. The main off-site effect of soil erosion is that, the deposition of the sediments and other pollutants into the streams of water pollute the sources of water to a great extent.

    The statement above would be weakened if it were true that

    1. The movement of sediment and associated pollutants into water do not cause sedimentation in the sources of water
    2. There is no off-site adverse effect of soil erosion
    3. Sedimentation improves the fertility of soil
    4. Soil erosion leads to sedimentation not only on land but also in water
    5. the deposition of the sediments and other pollutants into the streams of water pollute the sources of water

    Correct answer: a

  5. If the rate of rainfall is higher than the rate at which the water penetrates in the soil, the soil particles that are loosened by the rain drops move down the slope causing surface runoff.

    The statement above would be weakened if it were true that

    1. The rate of rain fall is slower than the rate at which the soil penetrates into the soil
    2. Surface runoff occurs when the rate of rain fall is faster than the rate at which the soil
    3. Rain drops lose the soil particles which results in easy soil erosion
    4. The soil particles that are loosened by the rain drops move down the slope causing surface runoff
    5. The rate of rain fall is not always more than the rate at which the soil penetrates into the soil

    Correct answer: a

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GMAT Sample Critical Reasoning Question Number : 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 | 16-20 | 21-25 | 26-30 | 31-35 | 36-40 | 41-45 | 46-50 | 51-55 | 56-60 | 61-65 | 66-70 | 71-75 | 76-80 | 81-85 | 86-90 | 91-95 | 96-100
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