GED Sample Questions ›› Social Studies
GED Sample Questions : Social Studies
Refer following passage for question 9 and 10:
Until modern times, high rates of reproduction were necessary to offset high mortality—especially infant mortality. In agricultural societies, children were assets in the home and farm-centered economy. Also, before care of the aged became institutionalized, parents had to rely upon their children for care in their old age. Large numbers of children were advantageous. As a result of those factors and of short life expectancy, American women spent most of their adult lives bearing and rearing four or five children.
Long before the tradition of the large family disappeared, some couples had begun to adopt the small family pattern. As a result of declining mortality rates, a diminishing need for child labor in agriculture, increasing costs of raising a child in an industrialized urban society, and improved methods of fertility control, both the number of children desired and the number born declined.
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GED Social Studies Sample Questions page number :
- In olden times, large families were more desirable because
- many infants died.
- old people needed care.
- children helped out on the farm.
- children were assets.
- all of the above.
- The tradition of the large family disappeared because
- more infants survived.
- farms were bigger.
- juvenile delinquency increased.
- life expectancy decreased.
- all of the above.
- “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these rights are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
Which of the following political actions violated the principle of “unalienable Rights” of liberty that evolved from the above excerpt of the U.S.Declaration of Independence?
- In 1857, a U.S.Supreme Court ruling promoted the expansion of slavery in U.S.territories.
- In 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution outlawed the practice of denying the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
- In 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution granted women the right to vote nationwide.
- In 1964, the Civil Rights Act outlawed racial discrimination in employment and public accommodations.
- In 1971, the Twenty-sixth Amendment to the Constitution extended the right to vote to 18-year-old citizens.
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal helped America recover from the Great Depression by providing federal money for construction projects, including schools and roads. How did this help the country recover?
- It gave money back to the tax payers
- It created desperately needed good paying jobs
- It encouraged wealthy people to do the same thing
It made trade easier with Mexico
- It allowed construction companies to make a large profit
- In American cities after the Industrialization Age began, it was not unusual to see children huddled together without shoes, warm clothing, shelter, or decent food. These children illustrated what unhappy effect of Industrialization in the United States?
- Because the focus was on manufacturing, not enough shoes were made
- Because of low wages, many people lived in poverty
- Because of protective employment laws, child laborers could no longer be employed
- Because of the freedom women experienced in the workplace, many abandoned their children
- Because parents work days were guided by strict rules, they were often strict at home. As a result, their children ran away and lived on the streets.