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CCNA Sample Questions

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Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) includes wireless networking concepts, implementation of security threats, and concept of booting windows. These are some of the new areas that are included in the CCNA that includes the routing protocol such as Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), VLANs, study of design of LAN and WAN, etc. This questionnaire section includes how to boot an operating system, bootstrapping, kernel loading and initialization, multi boot several operating systems and booting configuration. This will help you to know more about the booting window process as well as increase your knowledge with this related domain. Let us have a look at some of the multiple choice question related to the booting of windows.

  1. User programs require an operating system in which to run. Since turning on the computer does not itself start the operating system. The computer must find and load the operating system from its disk drives. The process of finding, loading and initializing the operating system is called as __________?
    1. Customizing
    2. Booting
    3. Troubleshooting
    4. None of the above

    Answer :B

  2. Computers preserve some data from session to session. Because the random access memory (RAM) is volatile, it does not hold any valid data or programs whenever the computer is turned on. Thus, the computer stores all this data in a memory that cannot be modified during a session. This type of memory gives the processor a program to execute. What is the name of this non volatile memory?
    1. Read only Memory (ROM)
    2. Random access Memory (RAM)
    3. Basic input/output system (BIOS)
    4. Hard disk

    Answer :A

  3. Name the utility that contains routines for accessing the computer's hardware devices, such as the keyboard, hard disks, floppy disks and video display? Its primary function after initializing the computer's hardware is to find an operating system and load it.
    1. Read only memory (ROM)
    2. Basic input/output system (BIOS)
    3. Random access memory (RAM)
    4. None of the above

    Answer :B

  4. Which part of the computer can contain information that changes from one computing session to the next? It can hold only a little bit of information such as the types of hard drives, floppy drives and IRQ settings for serial ports that the BIOS needs to know in order to talk to the hardware devices attached to the computers.
    1. Basic input/output system (BIOS)
    2. Hard disk
    3. CMOS
    4. All of the above

    Answer :C

  5. Hard disks and floppy disks store data. Disk drives do not interpret the data they store. The operating system imposed arrangement of data on a disk is called as ____________?
    1. Folders
    2. Files
    3. Drives
    4. File system

    Answer :D

  6. The BIOS does not know anything about file systems but, it can read sectors from hard disk drives. The BIOS uses this capability to load small programs that does understand the file system, that loads a larger program, which itself loads the operating system. This multistep process of loading more sophisticated programs that can then load other programs that load the operating system is called as __________?
    1. Booting/ bootstrapping
    2. Reloading
    3. Interrupting
    4. All of the above

    Answer :A

  7. The BIOS begins the boot process by loading a sector from the hard disk drive that is reserved for booting. That sector is usually called as what?
    1. Record
    2. Fat (file allocation table)
    3. Boot block/ master boot record
    4. BIOS (Basic input/output system)

    Answer :C

  8. Which of the following programs is loaded by the boot sector, which then finds and loads the Windows NT operating system?
    1. BOOTSECT.DOS
    2. NTDETECT.COM
    3. NTLDR
    4. BOOT.INI

    Answer :C

  9. Which program is responsible for determining the current hardware configuration of the computer and returns the configuration information to NTLDR so that it can pass the information to the Windows NT operating system?
    1. NTBOOTDD.SYS
    2. OSLOADER.EXE
    3. NTOSKRNL.EXE
    4. NTDETECT.COM

    Answer :D

  10. The NTBOOTDD.sys program performs which of the following operations?
    1. This program is the kernel of the Windows NT operating system
    2. This driver is used during the boot process only if the operating system is stored on a SCSI device attached to a SCSI adapter in the computer that does not have a SCSI BIOS
    3. It is used if another operating system such as DOS or Windows 95 is selected from the boot selection menu
    4. This file is the kernel of the Windows NT operating system

    Answer :B

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