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Verbal Section : Reading Comprehension

Seahorses are found in the deep Ocean. They are one of the most beautiful sea animals. They resemble closely to horse. This beautiful sea animal belongs to the species of Hippocampus in the family scientifically known as Syngnathidae. They share the similar of genus Hippocampus which are known to be the closest relatives of the pipefish’s. Both pipefish and seahorses are most admired in aquatic aquariums. The species which belongs to the family of Syngnathidae all have a universal habit; the female’s species will drop their eggs in a clutch pouch which is located on the chest of their male mate. The male seahorse will fertilize these eggs inside his own couch and then they will carry them all around and will take care for them until they began to hatch. Sea horses consume generally on tiny living animals such as Cyclops, daphnia, larvae of aquatic insects, or mysids. They chase in an ambush manner. Sea horses are very successful in hunting their prey with increasing haunt density. Fully developed sea horses usually feed more compared to the young ones. This occurs because the grown up seahorses are taught to eat more capably by expending little amount of energy with age. Also the sea horses execute a head tap to grasp their food. The fully developed seahorses have a benefit over the young ones because they are bigger in size. The young juveniles should be near to the prey to complete the head flick, and accordingly the prey is expected to observe the sea horse closely and then they try to get away.

Seahorses generally haunt and move freely when they are hungry on the other hand, nearly all of the time they stay close by their tails attached to the sea weed. Sea horses love to swim with their partners connected by their tales. They cannot swim fast for the reason that they have only one little dorsal fin in a rolling or vibrating movement. They recompense for their slowness by mixing with their surroundings very well. This helps them to vanish quickly. Grown up sea horses swim in an upright, vertical manner, and the young ones swim just like the piper fish in a straight manner with the head extended ahead and the tale at the back of them. The male seahorse carries a couch on his stomach. During reproduction process, the female lays more than 1,500 eggs into his couch. The eggs are then fertilized inside the couch, and sustaining veins develop around the eggs to give nourishment to the rising babies. About 3 to 7 weeks later, small seahorses hatch eggs and come out of the couch. The male sea horse presses his body to move forward to the hatched seahorses out of the couch. This may take two to three days, and leaves him worn out. Both male and female seahorse can stay jointly for life. Though, some scientists do not agree with this.

  1. Which one of the following is the most suitable title for the above given comprehension?

    1. Seahorse
    2. Sea life
    3. Piper fish
    4. Juvenile sea horse
    5. None of the above

    Answer (a)

  2. Seahorses are found in the -- -- -- -- -- Ocean. They are one of the most beautiful sea animals. It resemble closely to horse. This beautiful sea animal belongs to the species of Hippocampus in the family scientifically known as -- -- -- -- --.

    1. Deep – Syngnathidae
    2. Animal – Belong
    3. Beautiful – Piper fish
    4. Scientifically – Species
    5. Seahorse – Resemble

    Answer (a)

  3. The species which belongs to the family of Syngnathidae all have a universal habit; the female’s species will drop their eggs in a clutch pouch which is located on the chest of their -- -- -- -- -- mate. The male seahorse will fertilize these eggs inside his own couch and then they will carry them all around and will take care for them until they began to hatch.

    1. Female
    2. Male
    3. Juvenile
    4. Small seahorse
    5. Couch

    Answer (b)

  4. The fully -- -- -- -- -- seahorses have a benefit over the young ones because they are bigger in size. The young juveniles should be near to the prey to complete the head flick, and accordingly the prey is expected to observe the -- -- -- -- -- closely and then they try to get away.

    1. Developed – Sea horse
    2. Underdeveloped – Closely
    3. Benefit – Bigger
    4. Head flick – Juveniles
    5. None of the above

    Answer (a)

  5. Grown up sea horses swim in an upright, -- -- -- -- -- manner, and the young ones swim just like the piper fish in a straight manner with the head extended ahead and the tale at the back of them.

    1. Swim
    2. Vertical
    3. Young ones
    4. Stale
    5. Piper fish

    Answer (b)

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