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Verbal Section : Reading Comprehension

Read the comprehension and answer the following question:

Various studies done by researches have resulted in growing scientific evidence that family that eats lesser meals together is more prone to the risk of obesity and poor overall nutritional intake especially among children.

The pattern of eating out has increased and more than forty percent of the food budget in America is spent on this and family meals have become rare, restricted to holidays and occasions.

There are various negative effects of eating out; especially nutritional imbalance and bad health are often associated with this habit. The toughest part is to get this message across to the parents who are very busy in their lives and cannot spend more time at home to cook home meals. The researchers at Rutgers have compiled the results from sixty eight scientific reports that were published previously. This initiative was taken to create a model to educate parents, which would co-relate family meals and their importance in shaping the children’s health. The importance of family mealtimes was the main thing to be taught to parents and other caregivers so that the risks of obesity and poor nutrition come down.

The researchers observed how the frequency of the family meals and the atmosphere created during consumption of family meals have a good effect on the children’s health as they eat more of healthy foods like fruits and vegetables and less of unhealthy foods like soft drinks and other junk food items.

The researches who were compiling the results of previously published results found that children who are involved in more of family meals were more likely to consume calcium rich foods, fiber, fruits and vegetables, etc. The scientific evidence of frequent family mealtimes leading to less obesity in children was evaluated so that it could make a concrete base for the study.

Though the link between frequent family meals and risk of obesity could not be proved with scientific evidence, it was found that children from families who had more frequent family meals had lower Body Mass Index (BMI) than the children from families who eat out more. As the BMI is an important factor of a healthy body and living, this conclusion throws more light on the importance of frequent family meals. It was also observed that more a family had meals together less was the problem of eating unhealthy foods.

The team of researchers also tried to put their findings in a graphic way which could be used to create awareness among parents and also used in future tests among families to provide further scientific evidence. The graphic images are being made in order to have a reliable source of information for parents who get to know these findings from here and there. In addition, the parents will be able to understand the findings better if they are put in a concise and clear way.

This scientific literature compiled by the researchers is believed to help many families in making better decisions regarding food choices and the researchers are hoping that people will not rely on headlines in newspapers and magazines which are usually based on a single research and do not dwell deep in the topic.

As many people are busy with their work they have lesser time to find out, filter and understand these studies, so the researchers are just hoping that the literature they are compiling helps such individuals who have less time.

The authors of this report only hope that their findings and efforts to compile them in graphic forms help more children and reduce the risk of obesity.

  1. Which is the suitable title for the comprehension?

    1. Risk of obesity
    2. Family meals
    3. Family meals and risk of obesity
    4. Body mass index
    5. None of the above

    Answer – c

  2. Which institute are the researchers based at?

    1. Oxford
    2. WHO
    3. MIT
    4. Rutgers
    5. None of the above

    Answer – d

  3. According to the study, the risk of obesity among children was found to decrease with _________

    1. Exercises
    2. Frequent family meals
    3. Outing
    4. Communication
    5. None of the above

    Answer – b

  4. How many previously published reports were considered?

    1. 65
    2. 98
    3. 68
    4. 75
    5. None of the above

    Answer – c

  5. What does BMI stand for?

    1. Body Mass Index
    2. Best Mass Index
    3. Body Muscle Index
    4. Best Muscle Index
    5. None of the above

    Answer - a

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