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CAT Sample Questions: ›› Analytical Reasoning
Analytical Section : Analytical Reasoning
Read the situations described below and answer the questions accordingly:
Question 21 and 22
5 dogs, Brown, White, Grey, Black and Spotted participated in a race. As per the rules of the race, the people betting on the winning dog get four times the bet amount and those betting on the dog that came in second get thrice the bet amount. Moreover, the bet amount is to be returned to those betting on the horse that came in third, and the rest lose the bet amount. Raven bets Rs.6000, Rs. 4000 and Rs. 2000 on Brown, White and Black dogs respectively and ends up gaining no profit and no loss.
21. Which of the following cannot be true?
Correct answer: d
Let us first understand the constraint of the problem, Raven betted Rs. 6000, 4000 and 2000 and ended up gaining neither profit nor loss. This means that, he betted total amount of 12000 and got back Rs.12000.
Now, let us observe how the money is returned.
Winning dog - 4 times the bet amount
Since Raven received Rs.12000 we need to observe from the above possibilities which combinations can give us Rs. 12000.
Possibilities (I), (II) and (IV) give more than 12000 so these cannot be the possibilities.
Combination (III) and (VIII), (V); (VI) and (VII); result in amount 12000 and there are no other possibilities exists.
Looking at the table above we can say that (a) can be true
(b) can be true as Brown dog can be the last dog in each of the 3 possibilities.
Hence option (d) is the answer. 22. Suppose, in addition to this data, it is known that Grey dog came in fourth, then which of the following statements cannot be true?
Correct answer: c
If Grey came in 4th, then we get possible rank of dogs as
Question 3 to 5
Read the following situation carefully and answer the questions based on that.
In a group of five persons namely Amy, Bentley, Camilla, David and Eva:
23. Who is intelligent in English, Arithmetic and General Knowledge?
Correct answer: b
24. Who is intelligent in English and Reasoning but not in General Knowledge?
Correct answer: c
25. Who is intelligent in Arithmetic, General Knowledge and Grammar?
Correct answer: e
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